Debugging PyODBC Install

I had some problems installing ODCB, FreeTDS and PyODBC. I was connecting to a remote MS SQL server using an SSH tunnel. After roughly following these notes, things were not working. These commands worked:

TDSVER=8.0 tsql -H -p 1433 -U my_username -P my_password

If I replace TDSVER=7.0 things stop working. Turns out that was the version in


Pyodbc on Webfaction

I need to communicate with a database on Microsoft SQL Server from a Webfaction server. These instructions almost worked. But I got this error:

Can't open lib '/home/myaccount/lib/' : file not found (0) (SQLDriverConnect)")

A quick check of my lib dir confirmed the file did not exist.

The solution was to re-run the install of FreeTDS using the Webfaction instructions, but replace:

./configure --prefix=$HOME


./configure --with-tdsver=8.0 --prefix=$HOME

The file was created and pyodbc now worked.

Installing Pyodbc on Ubuntu 12.04 64-bit

This all came about because I needed to connect to a Microsoft SQL server over VPN, which turned out to be a royal pain. These notes describe the steps I took to get it working. There may be some extraneous steps, but I do not have time to figure out the minimum.


From a terminal run:

sudo apt-get install network-manager-vpnc

If you reboot, you will be able to configure the VPN from the Ubuntu Network Connections widget. From the command line, if you type:

sudo vpnc

you should get a bunch of questions to configure the VPN manually. If you prefer using the command line, you can put those parameters in /etc/vpnc/default.conf – just google to get the file syntax.


Install pyodbc using pip:

pip install pyodbc

If that seems too easy, you are right. You need to install ODBC drivers. Here is the command I used:

sudo apt-get install unixodbc unixodbc-dev freetds-dev freetds-bin tdsodbc

If you read the messages as they fly by, you will see something to the effect that the 64-bit version is being installed. Good.

Now you need to create/edit a bunch of ini and conf files. I am not sure if all this is necessary.

File: /etc/freetds/freetds.conf
host =
port = 1433
tds version 7.0

File: /etc/odbcinst.ini
Description=FreeTDS Driver

File: /etc/odbc.ini
Driver = FreeTDS
Description = ODBC connection via FreeTDS
Trace = No
Servername = <servername>
Database = <databasename>


At this point, you should be able to start the VPN and connect to the database using the tsql tool that was installed when you installed freetds. Something like this:

tsql -S servername -U username -P password

If that works, then try accessing from python:

import pyodbc
con_string ='DRIVER=FreeTDS;DSN=%s;UID=%s;PWD=%s;DATABASE=%s;' \
    % (<datasource>, username, password, <databasename>)
conn = pyodbc.connect(con_string)

That should do it!